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List of abbreviations...

Abr :       Abbreviation, an abbreviated form
ABS :       Absolutive case (includes NOMinative and ACCusative with nouns)
ACC :       ACCusative case (direct object of verb)
Ad :       address term (used to call someone) See: Rf
Adj :      Adjective or describing word (djarr'yunamirri dhäruk)
Adv :      Adverb
ALL :      Allative case (direction towards something or someone)
Alt :      Alternate of (or) alternates with BABALA Alt: bawala
ASC :      Associative case (about or concerning something or someone)
B :      Both moieties, used by most or all (bukmak) speakers
B :      Brother (in KINship terms)
BAS :      Base or main form of a verb conjugation
Bir :      Birrkili clan
Bug :      Buginese
Bur :      Burarra (language spoken at Maningrida, known by some Yolŋu)
Cf :      Confer with; something related but not quite the same WALTJAṈ rain (noun) Cf: dharyun rain (verb)
Ch :      Child language, way of speaking used to or by children
Conj :      Conjunction, word used to link words or clauses together
CY :      Coastal Yolŋu (includes Dhuwal, Dhuwala, Dhay'yi dialects)
D :      Dhuwa moiety
D1 :      First person deictic pronoun for this dialect D1 equals dhuwala
Da :      Dhuwala('mirri) language group
Dal :      Dhaḻwaŋu patrilect
Daṯ :      Däṯiwuy patrilect
DEIC :      Deictic or demonstrative pronoun (special words indicating place)
DEIC-1 :      position close to first person (this, here near me)
DEIC-1plus2position :      close to first & second person (this, that close to us)
DEIC-2 :      position close to second person (that, there near you)
DEIC-3 :      position by third person (that, there far away or yonder)
Dh :      Dhaŋu('mi) language group
Di :      Dhay'yi(mirr) language group
Dj :      Djaŋu('mi) language group
Dl :      Dhuwal('mirr) language group
Dp :      Discourse particle
Dual :      two people involved or implied
Dy :      Yakuya (Dhiyakuy) language group (Ritharrŋu and Wägilak)
E.g :      Example, for example
Enc :      enclitic (a form that follows another word)
ERG :      Ergative case (the doer or agent of a transitive verb), can also be used to mark INSTruments
Excl :      Exclusive (does not include the person spoken to) See: Incl
Exis :      Existential marker (-mi, -mirr, -mirri)
Exp :      Expression or commonly used phrase (see also Idm)
Ext :      Extension of meaning (to)
f :      feminine, female, miyalk, baṯami, dhayka (as in Names or KIN)
F :      Father in KINship terms
FUT :      Future time; Future or Secondary form of verb
Gal :      Gälpu patrilect
Gan :      Ganalbiŋu or Ganhalpuyŋu patrilect
GEN :      Genitive case (for or belonging to someone or something)
Glm :      Golumala patrilect
Glp :      Golpa patrilect (data so marked usually applies to Nh)
Gum :      Gumatj patrilect
Gup :      Gupapuyŋu patrilect
H :      Husband (in KINship terms)
Hyp :      Hyponym (belongs in the larger group of) BAḎARR Hyp: dharpa (BAḎARR is a kind of tree) BALPUḎU Hyp: gara (BALPUḎU is a kind of spear)
Idm :      Idiom
-in :      intransitive (verb)
-inplus :      semitransitive (verb)
Include :      Inclusive (does include the person spoken to) See: Excl
INST :      Instrument used (marked by ERGative case)
IR :      Irregular form class E.g: DHO (V-IR-tr)
Jam :      Djambarrpuyŋu patrilect
Jap :      Djapu patrilect
Jb :      Djinba language group
Jn :      Djinaŋ language group
KIN :      KINship term
Lgl :      Ḻiyagalawumirr patrilect
Liy :      Ḻiyagawumirr patrilect
LOC :      Locative case (place at, in or on); Location or place word
m :      masculine, male, ḏirramu, ḏarramu (as in Names)
M :      Mother in KINship terms or according to subsection rules
Mad :      Maḏarrpa (-moṉuk) patrilect (a Dhuwaya dialect); Maḏarrpa (-dhuḏi) is usually included with Ritharrŋu in this dictionary
Mal :      Malay
Maŋ :      Maŋgalili patrilect
Mar :      Marraŋu patrilect
LŊG :      Luke Ŋalaŋala (Wutjara) Gaḻbayuŋga
LWG :      Linda Wuḻamana Gaykamaŋu
Mkr :       Macassarese, Macassan
Mny :      Munyuku patrilect
Mrk :      Marrakulu patrilect
MUT :      MUTual (includes verbs that can be both RECiprocal and REFlexive)
n :      noun (common or non-totemic)
N :      name (personal or totemic)
NEG :      Negative particle (e.g., no, not, don't)
Nh :      Nhaŋu('mi) language group
NY :      Northern Yolŋu (subgroup consisting of dhaŋu'mi, djaŋu'mi, e.g., Gålpu, Rirratjinŋu, Ŋaymil, Wangurri, and Warramiri)
Ŋay :      Ŋaymil patrilect
OBL :      Oblique case
Opp :      Opposite meaning, an antonym BARRKU Opp: galki
OPP :      OPPosition
PAST :      Past time
PAST1 :      Simple past or Tertiary form of verb
PAST2 :      Distant past or Quarternary form of verb
pc :      personal communication
PER :      Pergressive (direction along or through something or someone)
Pl :      Plural or group (mala) form
PN :      Place Name
PRES :      Present time
PRO :      Pronoun (personal)
PROD :      PRODuctive, Originator or Originative case on personal nouns & pronouns
PRS :      Person, refers to persons or animates (not to things)v Qp :      Question particle or question word
Rec :      Reciprocal relationship of ŊÄṈḎI Rec: waku
REC :      Reciprocal verb form (action done to one other) Cf: MUT, REF
REF :      Reflexive verb form (action done to oneself) Cf: MUT, REC
Rel :      Related to (Yolngu perceived relationship)
Rep :      Replaced by (or) replaces
Rir :      Rirratjiŋu patrilect
Rit :      Ritharrŋu patrilect
S :      Son (in KINship terms)
S1 :      First choice spouse (according to subsection marriage rules)
S2 :      Second choice spouse (according to subsection marriage rules)
SEM :      SAL Semantics
SEQ :      SEQuence, Immediate, or TEMPoral marker (-nha, -na)
Sg :      Singular form
song :      song form, generally limited to songs
suf :      suffix, word-ending
sup :      suppletive form (replaces a word that does not at all look related), e.g., NHE (plusGEN) equals NHUŊU, BA+ (V-ds) equals MÅRRAMA
SY :      Southern Yolŋu (subgroup consisting of dhuwala'mirri, dhuwal'mirr, and yakuya, e.g. Gumatj, Gupapuyŋu, Djambarrpuyŋu,Ḻiyagawumirr, Ritharrŋu, Wagilak, etc.)
Sym :      Symbol(ic) of
Syn :      Synonym (same meaning)
Tab :      Taboo relationship with BÄŊI (Name) Tab: båyŋu
TIME :      Time word
-tr :      transitive (verb)
-trplus :      ditransitive (verb) (takes two objects)
V- :      Verb (followed by GROUP NUMBER, 1 - 6,
V-ds :      Discourse verb or ideophone
VD :      final vowel-dropping patrilects (generally indicated by enclosing the dropped vowel in parentheses, e.g., ḏumurr(u), djälthirr(i), ḻakaram(angel))
VP :      Verb particle (inflects with another verb)
VR :      final vowel-retaining patrilects (see VD above)
W :      wife (in KINship terms)
Wag :      Wägilak patrilect
Wan :      Wangurri patrilect
War :      Warramiri patrilect
Wob :      Wobulkarra
Y :      Yirritja moiety
YK :      Yirrkala Koine (also known as Dhuwaya or Baby Gumatj)
Z :      Sister (in KINship terms)


ADG :      Andrew Daymaŋu Gaykamaŋu
AV :      Anita van der Wal
AW :      Alan Walker See also R&W, WRF, W&R
BDB :      B. Ḏipililŋa Bukulatjpi
BL :      Beulah Lowe (1976)
BMW :      Bobby Munurruŋ Wunuŋmurra
BS :      Bernard Schebeck
BW :      Bruce Waters
DBG :      Dorothy Buyuminy Ganambarr
DGB :      David Gurrumuruwuy Bukulatjpi
DLY :      David Lalambarri Yunupiŋu
DP :      David Pepperill (handwritten dictionary of Gälpu)
DYM :      David Yaŋgarriny Munyarryun
DZ :      David Zorc
FM :      Frances Morphy (1983)
FMG :      Fay Mätjarra Garrawurra
FNM :      Florence Ŋalawurr (Munuŋgurr) McLaughlin
GLM :      Gordon Lanyipi Marrkula
HRW :      Harry Rrany'tjiŋ Wunuŋmurra
JBG :      James Barripaŋ Gaṉḏaŋu
JDG :      John Ḏamarrwura Gaykamaŋu
JDW :      Jimmy Dhurpirri Waṉambi
JDY :      Jimmy Dhopaŋ Yunupiŋu
JG :      John Greatorex
JGW :      John Gupaniny Wunuŋmurra
JGY :      James Galarrwuy Yunupiŋu
JH :      Jeffrey Heath (1980)
JMG :      Jessie Murarrgirarrgi Gaykamaŋu
JMR :      Joyce M. Ross, M.B.E.
JR :      John Rudder (19 )
JWD :      Joe Wulwul Dhamarraṉdji
KGG :      Keith Garradhawal Garrawurra
KLD :      Keith Lapuluŋ Dhamarraṉdji
MC :      Michael Christie (1979), Gupapuyŋu-English Dictionary
MC1 :      Michael Christie (1981), YOLŊU MATHA (Gupapuyŋu Grammar Lessons)
MDY :      Murphy Dhalpirripa Yunupiŋu
MRM :      Margaret Raymattja (Marika) Munuŋgiritj
NWG :      Nancy Wamathana Gaykamaŋu
PBG :      Paul Biyarranydjarrwuy Gumbula
PGD :      Peter Goŋnyanyuk Dhamarraṉdji
RA :      Robert Amery
RLW :      Ronnie Ḻambitj Waṉambi
RW :      Ray Wood
R&W :      Joyce Ross & Alan Walker (1983) (See also: W&R, WRF)
SD :      Steven Davis (19 )
SYG :      Sherilyn Yalmay Gurruwiwi
TBY :      Tom Bakamana Yunupiŋu
TZ :      Tchekhoff & Zorc (1983)
WdV :      Wilkinson, de Veere, et al (198 )
W&R :      Alan Walker & Joyce Ross (1985) (See also: R&W)
WRF :      Alan Walker, Joyce Ross & Mary Fletcher (edited manuscript)
WZ :      Alan Walker & David Zorc (1981)